It is one of the ten provinces that, together with the three territories, make up the thirteen federal entities of Canada. Its capital and the most populated city is Halifax. Located in the extreme east of the country, it is formed by the homonymous peninsula and the island of Cape Breton in the north end of this one. The peninsula is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, except for the Isthmus of Chignecto, which links it to New Brunswick, and the Northumberland Strait, which separates it from Prince Edward Island.
It is part of the Maritime Provinces. Its capital is a very important part of North America. Fishing and tourism are vital for the economy of the province.
Nova Scotia's economy is currently based on the service sector and the industrial sector, although the primary sector continues to maintain its presence.
In the primary sector, as regards agriculture, the production of fruit, especially apples, and potatoes stand out. In the cattle ranch, poultry and pigs are present, together with a cattle hut that generates dairy products.
There is also an active forestry-type industry, dedicated to the exploitation of the forests of the territory.
On the other hand, fishing for lobsters, bivalves (especially scallops) or cod, is also important.
It also has an active industry, related to fishing activities and the food industry in general, but also paper industry, transport equipment.
Tourism has gained increasing importance throughout the second half of the 20th century.