It is one of the three territories that, together with the ten provinces, make up the thirteen federal entities of Canada. Its capital is Iqaluit. It is located in the north of the country, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the northeast by Baffin Bay that separates it from Greenland, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and Hudson Bay, on the south by Manitoba, on the southwest by Saskatchewan and to the west with Northwest Territories.
Nunavut was separated from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, according to the boundaries set in advance in 1993. These borders recognized the jurisdiction of Nunavut over almost all the Arctic Islands of Canada (Ellesmere, Baffin, Devon, Southampton and the eastern half of Victoria and Melville), as well as over the central coastal area of Canada over the Arctic Ocean and all the islands of Hudson Bay.
Its inhabitants called Nunavutensinos (Nunavummiut, singular Nunavummiuq) - are distributed in almost thirty villages or smaller towns. One of them is Iqaluit, the capital, located on the island of Baffin, formerly called Frobisher Bay.
The economy is based on mineral resources, especially gold, lead and zinc. There are also many diamonds. Hunting and fishing are other important activities. Tourism is constantly growing.