It is one of the three territories that, together with the ten provinces, make up the thirteen federal entities of Canada. Its capital is Whitehorse. It is located in the northwest corner of the country, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Northwest Territories, on the south by British Columbia and on the west by Alaska (United States). With 31,530 habs. in 2008 it is the second least populated entity - ahead of Nunavut - and with 0.06 hab / km², the third least densely populated, ahead of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, the least densely populated.
The ridge of the Mackenzie Mountains shapes much of the eastern border.
The etymology of its name comes from a local aboriginal language, the Gwich'in, and means "big river". The territory is famous among other things for having been the scene of the Klondike Gold Rush, a historical event that occurred in 1897 and that was of great importance for the region.
The economy is based on mineral resources (lead, zinc, silver, gold, asbestos, copper, tungsten, jade and barite). The manufacturing industry, including furniture, clothing and crafts, follows in importance, along with hydroelectricity.
The main attraction of the Yukon is its almost virgin nature and the tourism of the place depends to a great extent on this, there are many suppliers of organized equipment and guides available to hunters and fishermen and nature lovers of all kinds. Sports enthusiasts can paddle in lakes and rivers with canoes and kayaks, take trips or walks, ski or snowboard in an organized environment or access by snowmobile, climb the highest peaks in Canada or have a small hike through the mountains, or try ice climbing and dog sledding.
Yukon also has a wide range of cultural and sports activities that attract artists, participants and tourists from all over the world.