San Juan de Terranova (in English: St. John's, in French: Saint-Jean de Terre-Neuve) is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located at the eastern end of the peninsula of Avalon, in the island of Newfoundland.

St. John's is the most populated metropolitan area of the province with a population of 106,172 and, after Halifax, it is the second largest Metropolitan Area of the Atlantic provinces, with a population of 181,113. It is one of the oldest European settlements in North America.

With a long and prosperous history in the fishing industry, the last half of the 20th century saw St. John's transform itself into a modern center of exports and services. Its proximity to the oilfields discovered more recently, has resulted in an economic boom of such magnitude that has stimulated population growth, commercial development, and it represents about half of the population of the province.

Of the main cities of Canada, St. John's is the most cloudy (1513 hours of sunshine per year), which receives more snow (322 cm per year) and which has the wettest days, although it enjoys the third mildest winter. Its climate is humid continental, with cool summers and relatively mild winters compared to other Canadian cities.

Its economy has always been linked to the ocean through fishing and its status as the capital of the Newfoundland region. Its growth in the 21st century has been due to the discovery of gas and oil under the sea in an area close to the city.

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