It is a province of western Canada, is the central province of the Canadian Prairies. Its capital is Regina and its most populous city is Saskatoon.
Saskatchewan borders on the west with Alberta, on the north with the Northwest Territories, on the east with Manitoba, and on the south with the US states of Montana and North Dakota. Saskatchewan is the only Canadian province in which none of its borders correspond to physical geographical features. It is also one of only two provinces with no access to the sea, together with Alberta.
Most of its population is concentrated in the southern part of the province. Agriculture is a fundamental part of the economy of Saskatchewan, especially wheat, from which 45% of all Canada is harvested. Mining is another fundamental source of the economy of the province. Saskatchewan is the largest producer of uranium in the world.
The highest point of the province, 1,468 meters high, is located in the Colinas del Ciprés. The lowest point, at 213 meters, is on the shore of Lake Athabasca at the northern end. The province has nine different watersheds formed by several rivers that flow into the waters of the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay and the Gulf of Mexico.
The economy of Saskatchewan is traditionally agricultural; However, the emerging diversification has meant that now this activity, together with afforestation, fishing and hunting, constitute only 6.8% of the province's GDP. Wheat is the most common crop, and perhaps the only representative of Saskatchewan, but others are also present such as rapeseed, flax, rye, oats, peas, lentils, millet, and barley. Also, mining is of vital importance for the province. Saskatchewan is the world's leading exporter of potash. In the northern area, forestry activity regains some relevance.
Saskatchewan is also the largest supplier of uranium in the world and supplies most of the Western Hemisphere. The industry of this mineral is followed closely by the provincial government that endorses its quotation in the international market.